Stefaan Van den Bogaert, A. Cuyvers en anderen, Study on the equal treatment of non-nationals in individual sporting competitions (Brussel, Europese Commissie, 2011), 246p


In its 2007 White Paper on Sport, the Commission indicated its intention to launch a study to analyse access to individual competitions for non-nationals. In the 2008 Biarritz Declaration, the European ministers called on the Commission to provide clearer legal guidelines on the application of EU law to sport organisations concerning the highest priority problems they face, thereby paying due attention to the specific characteristics of sport and noting the concerns and difficulties encountered by international, European and national sport organisations in governing their sport. This study enables the Commission to answer the EU sport ministers’ call. The Europa Instituut produced this report in collaboration with the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and Edge Hill University (

Last Modified: 29-11-2011