mr. drs. A.E.M. Leijten

  • PhD Candidate
  • Fundamental rights - European Convention on Human Rights/European Court of Human Rights
  • Fundamental rights - Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
  • Fundamental rights - Economic and social rights
  • Constitutional law
  • Administrative law
  • Judicial argumentation

Telephone number: +31 (0)71 527 7398
Faculty / Department: Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Instituut voor Publiekrecht, Staats- en Bestuursrecht
Office Address: Kamerlingh Onnes Gebouw
Steenschuur 25
2311 ES Leiden
Room number B 1.16

General information

A.E.M. (Ingrid) Leijten MA (Leiden) LL.M. (Leiden; Columbia) studied Political Science and Law in Leiden and New York. In 2009 she finished her Masters in Political Science (with a focus on political philosophy) (with distinction; cum laude) as well as her LL.M. studies in Constitutional and Administrative Law in Leiden (with distinction; cum laude). In 2010 she obtained her LL.M. degree (Harlan Fiske Stone Scholar) from Columbia Law School in New York. 

During her studies in Leiden Ingrid Leijten took part in the Talent Program of the Graduate School of Legal Studies (a 40 ECTS program for students aiming at pursuing a legal academic career). She also worked as a student-assistant for Prof. H.M.T. Holtmaat and as an editorial assistant for the Nederlands Tijdschrift voor de Mensenrechten (NTM)/NJCM-Bulletin (Dutch Journal of Fundamental Rights). In New York, she was a staff editor for the Columbia Journal for European Law (CJEL).

In 2010 Ingrid Leijten passed the New York State Bar Exam.

Since September 2010, Ingrid Leijten works at the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law at the Leiden University Faculty of Law. In 2011 she started her PhD research dealing with the notion of cores of fundamental rights and the European Court of Human Rights. The research is funded by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) and supervised by Prof. Janneke Gerards. In 2013, she has been a visiting researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law In Heidelberg, Germany, and the Human Rights Centre of Ghent University in Belgium.

Ingrid Leijten is a member of the working group on European law of the Nederlands Juristen Comité voor de Mensenrechten (NJCM; Dutch Committee of Jurists for Human Rights). She is a staff annotator at European Human Rights Cases (EHRC) as well as a member of the editorial board of the Newsletter of the Netherlands School of Human Rights Research. Ingrid Leijten regularly contributes to the Leiden Law Blog and Strasbourg Observers.


Full list of publications

The PhD project Ingrid Leijten is working on is entitled ‘Cores of Rights and the Protection of Socio-Economic Interests by the European Court of Human Rights’. The research is supervised by Prof. Janneke Gerards (Radboud University Nijmegen) and focuses on the development of the rights laid down in the European Convention on Human Rights and in particular on the socio-economic dimension of these rights. It deals with the question how the European Court of Human Rights can navigate between providing effective and practical—as well as transparent and coherent—fundamental rights protection while at the same time taking account of its institutional position and showing deference towards the Member States. Of potential help can be the idea of ‘cores of rights’, i.e., the notion that not every interest that is (potentially) covered by the scope of a right, is of equal importance. The project investigates different existing core rights doctrines in order to obtain a fair picture of the opportunities and problems inherent in this notion and the role it can play in legal reasoning. The project focuses in particular on the conceptual ideas underlying the German Wesensgehaltgarantie, as well as on the minimum core obligations that feature in the context of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and the debate on the adjudication of the socio-economic rights laid down in the South African Constitution. The overview of the theoretical as well as practical aspects of the idea of cores of rights will be confronted with the particularities of Strasbourg fundamental rights adjudication. Due account is given to the ECtHR’s unique and sensitive role and position vis-à-vis the Member States. It is the aim of this project to show the difficulties and pitfalls inherent in the concept of core rights, while also identifying those aspects of the various existing doctrines that would fit the context of the ECtHR and could hence help to improve the Court’s reasoning in particular in economic and social matters. The research forms part of the Leiden research on Interaction between legal systems.

In the course of her research, Ingrid Leijten has had the opportunity to spend several months as a guest researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg. Also, she has worked as a visiting researcher at the Human Rights Centre of Ghent University.

Ingrid Leijten has published several articles in peer-reviewed journals and contributions in edited volumes on the topic of her PhD research as well as on fundamental rights protection in an evolving European legal context more generally. In several case notes and blog posts, she has also covered particular developments in the (Strasbourg) case law and other current fundamental rights issues.


  •       Principles of the democratic Rechtsstaat (Bachelor I)

  •       Constitutional and Administrative Law (Bachelor II)

  •       Constitutional Issues in a European Context (Master)

  •       Supervision of Bachelor Theses; Supervision of Master Theses

  •       Post academic teaching (ECHR, social security law)

Last Modified: 21-07-2015