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Welcome Address by the Dean of Leiden Law School

Dr Rick Lawson is Dean of the Law School of Leiden University and professor of European human rights law. His key areas of interest are the case-law and the institutional set-up of the European Court of Human Rights, and the protection of human rights in the EU legal order. In 1999 he defended his PhD thesis on the legal position of the European Communities vis-à-vis the ECHR. He was a senior expert of the FRALEX Network of Human Rights Experts, set up by the EU Fundamental Rights Agency, and served as an expert to the Parliamentary Assembly of Council of Europe on various occasions.

Rick Lawson is a regular lecturer in the annual Advanced Course on the International Protection of Human Rights in Abo (Finland) and the Summer School of the International Institute of Human Rights in Strasbourg; in 2006 he taught the General Course of the Academy of European Law in Florence (Italy). Together with Henry Schermers he wrote Leading Cases of the European Court of Human Rights.

Chair of plenary sessions

Professor Christian Koenig

Christian Koenig (Professor, Dr. iur., LL.M.), born in 1961, is one of the directors of the Center for European Integration Studies (since April 1, 1999 – www.zei.de) and a member of the faculty of law of the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-University Bonn.

From 1980 to 1985 he studied law in Berlin and Mainz and graduated from the London School of Economics (LSE) in 1986 with a Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree. Having completed his dissertation in 1988 he took the second state examination (~bar exam), after which he was hired by an international law firm. Intent on pursuing an academic career he worked on his postdoctoral qualification to become a professor (Habilitation), which he finished in 1993 at the Philipps-University Marburg. Since then he held professorships of law at the Johannes-Gutenberg-University Mainz (1994-1995), the Philipps-University Marburg (1995-1999) and finally the University of Bonn (since 1999).

Christian Koenig´s academic focus is mainly EU internal market law, the administrative regulation of trade, EU competition law and the legal regulation of network industries. His publications, research programmes and reviews deal primarily with EU internal market law, state aid- and public procurement law, infrastructure subsidies, telecommunications law, energy law , postal law , the regulation of gambling and pharmaceutical law . The complex regulatory issues raised in his work most often require an interdisciplinary understanding for an economic approach.

Christian Koenig attended several major projects like multi-functional soccer stadiums, conference centers, racetracks, concert halls and pipeline-infrastructure. He was responsible for all questions regarding EU State aid- and public procurement law and corresponding subsidies, based on his legal expertise.

He is also appointed representative of litigants in proceedings before the European Court of Justice and the European Court.
He advises the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, the Federal Network Agency (Bundesnetzagentur) and the European Commission in matters of legislation or regulation regarding his areas of expertise.

Administration's perspective

Professor Willemien den Ouden

Willemien den Ouden has been a Professor of Constitutional and Administrative Law at Leiden Law School at Leiden University since March 2007. She has been the chairman of the department of Constitutional and Administrative law since January 2010. Her research primarily focuses on the areas of financial administrative law (subsidy law, European Structural Funds and law on the subject of State aid) and general administrative law. She is especially interested in the implementation, effectuation and enforcement of European financial law in the Dutch legal system and the problems that arise with that.

Willemien den Ouden has been publishing on the topics of financial administrative law and general administrative law for more than ten years. Her work has been published in Dutch journals, but also in foreign journals such as the ‘European State Aid Law Quarterly’. Furthermore, she regularly provides written contributions to scientific books and materials. She is one of the initiators of the Leiden Expert Group on State Aid (LEGSA), as well as of a Dutch network on European Subsidies at LinkedIn. In addition, she is one of the editors of ‘Limited public rights’ (F.J. van Ommeren, W. den Ouden & C.J. Wolswinkel eds., ‘Schaarse publieke rechten’, Boom Juridische uitgevers 2011, 435 p.).

Willemien den Ouden is a substitute-judge at the District Court of Amsterdam, member of the Studygroup ‘Law and Public Administration’ of the ‘European Group of Public Administration (EGPA)’, and member of the editorial advisory board of the Review of European Administrative Law (REALaw).

Judiciary's perspective

Sir Konrad Schiemann

Konrad Hermann Theodor Schiemann is Judge at the Court of Justice of the European Union since 8 January 2004. He holds law degrees from Cambridge University. Previously Barrister (1964-80); Queen's Counsel (1980-86); Justice of the High Court of England and Wales (1986-95); Lord Justice of Appeal (1995-2003); Bencher from 1985 and Treasurer in 2003 of the Honourable Society of the Inner Temple.

Legislator's perspective

Professor Frank van Ommeren

Frank van Ommeren is Professor of Constitutional and Administrative Law and co-director of the research programme ‘Balancing Public and Private Interests’ of the VU University Amsterdam Centre for Law and Governance. He is a member of the board of the Netherlands Institute for Law and Governance (NILG).

As a former legislative lawyer and senior legal counsel at the Dutch Ministry of Justice his research focuses on legislation, regulatory reform and other topics of governance. Currently, his fields of interest involve the public-private law divide – including the position of the government in private law (e.g. governmental contracts) – and new methods of regulation such as the allocation of limited authorizations and licenses.

Frank van Ommeren delivered his inaugural lecture on Limited Licenses; The Allocation of Limited Licenses as Part of General Administrative Law, (‘Schaarse vergunningen; de verdeling van schaarse vergunningen als onderdeel van het algemene bestuursrecht’, Kluwer 2004, 85 p.). This lecture is held to be one of the groundbreaking publications in this quickly developing field. He is one of the editors of ‘Limited public rights’ (F.J. van Ommeren, W. den Ouden & C.J. Wolswinkel eds., ‘Schaarse publieke rechten’, Boom Juridische uitgevers 2011, 435 p.).

He published widely on general administrative law, legislation and the public-private law divide and received the ‘J.C. Ruigrok Award’ of the Royal Holland Society of Sciences and Humanities for his dissertation and other publications. His forthcoming publications include: ‘The Public-Private Divide in English and Dutch Law: a Multifunctional and Context-Dependant Divide’, Cambridge Law Journal 2012, Volume 71; co-author: G.T.J.M. Jurgens, (accepted).

Gambling licenses

Professor Stefaan Van den Bogaert (Chair)

Stefaan Van den Bogaert is Professor in European law and Director of the Europa Institute at Leiden Law School, the Netherlands. Van den Bogaert is also visiting Professor in European Sports Law at the University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium. He is fellow at the Graduate School of legal studies at Leiden Law School, member of the Ius Commune Research School and member of the editorial committee of the Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law.

Van den Bogaert worked as research assistant at the Institute of Social Law of the Catholic University of Leuven (1996-97) and at the European University Institute (2000). He was a trainee at the Sports Unit of DG Education and Culture of the European Commission (2000-01). Between 2003 and 2009, he worked at Maastricht University, initially as lecturer and from 2007 as senior lecturer in European law. His main research interests are EU internal market law, EU competition law, EU institutional law and sport.

Professor Johan van de Gronden (rapporteur)

Johan van de Gronden is Professor of European law at the Law Faculty of the Radboud University Nijmegen (The Netherlands). He received his PhD in 1998. His research interests concern European internal market law, competition law, Services of General (Economic) Interest and the impact of EU law on health care. From 1998 until September 2007 he worked at the Europa Institute of the University Utrecht (the last years as a senior lecturer). On 1 September 2007 he was appointed as a professor of European law in Nijmegen. Since 2003 he is also a deputy judge at the District Court Rotterdam, where he mainly handles competition law cases. He is also a member of the Committee of Consumer Affairs and of the Committee of International Social and Economic Affairs of the Social and Economic Council.

CO2 emission permits

Professor Luis Arroyo Jiménez (Chair)

Luis Arroyo Jiménez is professor of administrative law in the University of Castilla-La Mancha (2007), where he teaches administrative law and public economic law. He has been DAAD Fellow and Visiting Fellow in the Universities of Bochum (1998), Cologne (1999) and Oxford (2005) and is member of the European Group of Public Law. He also served as a law clerk in the Constitutional Court of Spain (2008-2011).

Luis Arroyo Jiménez wrote his PhD (2003) on Market Freedom and Prior Approval (Libre empresa y títulos habilitantes, CEPC, Madrid, 2004, 603 pp.), a general administrative law approach to licenses, authorisations and other administrative entitlements related to market access, with particular focus on limited number systems. He has also published widely on public services, self-regulation, general administrative law and constitutional law.

Website on UCLM and Academia.edu.

Dr. François Lafarge (rapporteur)

François Lafarge is a fellow at ENA’s (French national school of public administration) research center (CERA). He specialized in public law (French, European, comparative and transnational) and in public management. He studies the evolution of (legal and practical) forms of public activities (mostly the State’s activities) which are submitted to the growing “pressures” of both public management and European law.

He holds a master in contemporary history and a PhD in law from the European University Institute, where he was also a postdoctoral researcher. He is associate professor at the University of Strasbourg where he teaches French administrative law, European administrative law and public management. He also teaches at several universities and schools of administration in Europe and the United-States. He co-directs the permanent study group "Law and administration" of the European Group of Public Administration and is associate editor of the Revue française d’administration publique (the French review of public administration). His recent publications focus on European administrative law, executive agencies, administrative cooperation and program reviews.

Radio frequencies

Mr Gerry Oberst (Chair)

Gerry Oberst has been practicing in the communications area for 30 years, in both Washington, D.C. and Brussels, concentrating on international telecommunications, satellite regulatory matters and radio spectrum regulation. He represents clients in ma-jor telecommunications proceedings before the International Telecommunication Union, European Commission and Member State regulatory bodies. 

For four years Gerry served as the Chairman of the regulatory group of the European Satellite Action Plan, where he helped to coordinate the position of more than 26 companies and agencies active in the satellite industry. He recently has been selected to be a member of the International Institute of Space Law. Based on his work in the communications satellite sector, Gerry was invited to speak at recent ITU workshops sponsored by the Radiocommunication Bureau on efficient use of orbit and frequency resources. 

Gerry writes the monthly regulatory column for Via Satellite magazine (since 1991) and has written several monographs for Oxford University Press, most recently on "The Digital Agenda: New EU Policy towards Information and Communications Technology" (March 2011). In May 2010, his article on the "Impact of the amended EU regulatory framework on spectrum and mobile issues" was published by the International Bar Association newsletter.

He currently is preparing a policy paper for a major mobile telephone operator on the application of competition law concepts to spectrum under the EU regulatory framework and he is the lead editor on the Hogan Lovells "International Spectrum Review" blog.

Mr Johan Wolswinkel (rapporteur)

Johan Wolswinkel is Assistant Professor at the Department of Constitutional and Administrative Law of the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Currently, he is finishing his PhD research on the allocation of a limited number of public rights (e.g. authorisations or grants). The main question is which rules apply to the (legal) design of mechanisms for the allocation of these public rights, e.g. an auction, a lottery or ‘first come, first served’ allocation. Results in the economic field of allocation theory are a fundamental starting point in this research.
This research has been financially supported by NWO (Toptalent programme) and is conducted within the programme ‘Balancing Public and Private Interests’ of the VU University Centre for Law & Governance.

Main publications:
- C.J. Wolswinkel, ‘De classificatie van verdelingsprocedures voor frequenties in de Telecommunicatiewet. Pleidooi voor een materiële benadering’, Mediaforum 2009, 42-51.
- C.J. Wolswinkel, ‘The Allocation of a Limited Number of Authorisations. Some General Requirements from European Law’, Review of European Administrative Law, 2009-2, p. 61-104.
- C.J. Wolswinkel, ‘Verdelingsprocedures: een zoektocht naar een zinvol onderscheid’, in: F.J. van Ommeren, W. den Ouden
- C.J. Wolswinkel (red.), Schaarse publieke rechten, Den Haag: Boom Juridische uitgevers 2011, p. 177-201.

Allocation systems & transparency

Dr. Dacian Dragos (Chair)

Dacian C. DRAGOS is Jean Monnet Associate Professor of Administrative and European Law (since 2006); Vice Dean of the Faculty of Political, Administrative and Communication Sciences (since 2008); Marie Curie Fellow at Michigan State University (2005-2006); Visiting Scholar at Rockefeller College of Public Administration and Policy, SUNNY at Albany, U.S.A. (2002); Romanian Writers Association National Prize for legal research (2003); Scientific Coordinator of the Commission for drafting the Administrative Procedure Code of Romania (2006-2008) and currently Expert in the Commission for drafting the Administrative Code.

He was also member of the Presidential Commission for Analyzing the Constitutional System of Romania (2008-2009). Chair of the 'Law and Administration' Panel of the European Group of Public Administration (since 2010). His research publications include 5 chapters in international books, 4 books in Romanian as single author and 4 in collaboration, 30 papers in scientific journals.

Anoeska Buijze, LLM (rapporteur)

Anoeska Buijze is working as a PhD-candidate at the Institute for Constitutional and Administrative Law of Utrecht University on the development of the principle of transparency in European administrative law. Her research comprises public access to information law and human rights law as well as pubic procurement and market regulation and aims to identify the factors that influence the obligations that follow from the principle of transparency under a variety of circumstances.
She graduated cum laude with an LLM in legal research at Utrecht University in 2008 with a thesis on the application of legal effectiveness norms in administrative law that won the KienhuisHoving price 2007/2008.

Competition law aspects (e.g. State aid)

Mr Jacques Derenne (Chair)

Jacques Derenne heads the Antitrust, Competition and Economic Regulation practice in Hogan Lovells’ Brussels office. He also leads their State aid practice. Since 1988, Jacques has advised on all areas of competition law (cartels, abuse of dominance, mergers and State aid) and EU law (particularly in regulated industries such as postal services, telecommunications & satellites, aviation, railways and energy). He often appears in cases before the European Commission and EU Courts, national courts and competition authorities, and regulatory bodies.

He publishes widely on EU constitutional, competition and regulatory issues. He co-authors the State aid quarterly in Concurrences since 2004, has published the State Aid Thesaurus in e-Competitions (www.concurrences.com) and has recently co-authored and edited a book on the Enforcement of EU State aid law at national level - 2010 - Reports from the 27 Member States (Lexxion, October 2010).

He is a founding member of the Global Competition Law Centre (College of Europe, Bruges, Scientific Council and Executive Committee). He studied in Liège and at the College of Europe and is a member of the Brussels and Paris Bars.

Dr Paul Adriaanse (rapporteur)

Paul Adriaanse is Associate Professor of Constitutional and Administrative Law at Leiden University. From 2006 until 2011 he was a university lecturer and researcher (Assistant Professor). From 2000 until 2006 he worked in the Department of International Law and Comparative Law (section European Law) at the VU University Amsterdam. In 2006 he graduated from this university with a Ph.D. thesis on Enforcement of EC law in situations of Unlawful State Aid.

He studied at the VU University Amsterdam as from 1994 and obtained the degree of MA in Constitutional and Administrative Law, as well as in Private Law in 1999. He also studied at the Université de Paris 1 (Panthéon-Sorbonne) (1998). He holds the degree of LL.M in Comparative, European and International Legal Studies from the European University Institute in Florence (2000).

As a fellow of the Graduate School of Leiden Law School he participates in the research programme ‘Securing the Rule of Law in a World of Multilevel Jurisdiction’. His current research activities concern the interaction of EU Law and national (Dutch) Constitutional and Administrative law with regard to public and private enforcement of public law norms. Paul Adriaanse is an expert on issues of enforcement in the field of EU State aid law. He is coordinator of the Leiden Expert Group on State Aid and he often teaches in State aid courses for legal professionals. 

Legal protection

Professor Ferdinand Wollenschläger (Chair)

Ferdinand Wollenschläger holds a chair for Public Law, European Law and Public Economic Law at the University of Augsburg (Germany), Faculty of Law. He studied law at Munich and Oxford (Brasenose College) Universities and is a fully qualified German lawyer (1st and 2nd State Examination, 2002 and 2004 respectively). In 2006, he received a Ph.D. from Munich University with a dissertation entitled Grundfreiheit ohne Markt. Die Herausbildung der Unionsbürgerschaft im unionsrechtlichen Freizügigkeitsregime ('A New Fundamental Freedom beyond Market Integration. The Emergence of European Union Citizenship in the regime of the free movement of persons'). In 2004, he spent a research period with Professor Joseph H. H. Weiler at the Jean Monnet Center for Regional and International Economic Law and Justice, New York University, School of Law.

In 2010, Ferdinand Wollenschläger completed his Habilitation (second Ph.D.) on Verteilungsverfahren (Distributing Scarce Goods as a Task of the Administration: Parameters of Constitutional and European Union Law, Administrative Procedures in Specific Areas & the Emergence of a New Type of Administrative Procedure), again at the Faculty of Law of Munich University. During his doctoral and post-doctoral studies, Ferdinand Wollenschläger was Akademischer Rat (senior researcher) at the Chair of Public Law (Professor Peter M. Huber, Justice of the Federal Constitutional Court) as well as at the Research Centre for European Law (Faculty of Law, Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich). After completing his Habilitation he was Lehrstuhlvertreter (acting professor) at the University of Augsburg (April 2010–March 2011) and at the University of Mainz (April–July 2011).

Ferdinand Wollenschläger has taught various courses on European Union, constitutional as well as administrative law – areas in which also his main research interest lie. Besides his dissertation (2007) and Habilitation (2010) he has co-authored a monograph on contracts in planning law (Einheimischenmodelle. Städtebauliche Zielverwirklichung an der Schnittstelle von europäischem und nationalem, öffentlichem und privatem Recht, 2008). Moreover, he published articles namely on Union Citizenship, the Internal Market (Free Movement of Persons, Public Procurement), European administrative law, federalism-related issues of German Constitutional Law, health law and on the conflict of human rights regimes in the European multi-level system.

Jaap van Rijn van Alkemade, LLM (rapporteur)

Jaap van Rijn van Alkemade is a PhD-student in the field of Administrative Procedural Law. He studied Law at Leiden University and obtained a masters degree with a specialization in Constitutional and Administrative Law and in Jurisprudence. As a master student he participated in the Talent Programme of the E.M. Meijers Institute of Legal Studies. The Talent Programme comprises extra-curricular research and teaching activities which are followed in addition to and during one of the master’s programmes of Leiden Law School.

During his studies Jaap was also an editor of Ars Aequi, a general law review run by an editorial board consisting exclusively of (PhD-)students. His PhD-research centers on Legal Protection with regard to the allocation of Limited Public Law Rights. Limited Public Law Rights are rights based in public law that are available on a limited basis and for which demand exceeds supply. Examples are permits for the use of radiofrequencies, public transport concessions and grants for expressions of culture and art. When Limited Public Law Rights are distributed there are often big financial interests at stake. Disputes arise easily. With regard to these disputes Jaap tries to answer one main question: does Dutch Administrative Procedural Law create a suitable framework for the settling of these disputes in a manner that secures the effective legal protection of the litigants? In conducting his research, Jaap is supervised by prof. dr. W. den Ouden and prof. dr. J.E.M. Polak. His daily supervisor is dr. Y.E. Schuurmans.        

Book project

Dr Paul Adriaanse

Please see the entry above.

Last Modified: 17-01-2012